Swaziland

Useful Numbers & Web Addresses

Did you know?

  • Swaziland is one of the only remaining African monarchies
  • Swaziland accounts for 14% of the recorded plant life in South Africa
  • Swaziland is smaller than Israel
  • Nearly 3/4ths of Swazis work in agriculture

Swaziland Factfile

  • Location: Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa
  • Area: 17,363 sq km
  • Border: Countries Mozambique, South Africa
  • Climate: Varies from tropical to near temperate
  • Terrain: Mountainous in the west transitioning to low-lying savannah plains in the east.
  • Highest Point: Emlembe 1,862 m
  • Natural Hazards: Drought
  • Environmental Issues: Limited supplies of potable water; wildlife populations being depleted because of excessive hunting; overgrazing; soil degradation; soil erosion
  • Population: 1,123,605 (July 2002)
  • Ethnic Groups: African 97%, European 2%, Asian 1%
  • Religions: Zionist (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship) 40%, Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, Anglican, Bahai, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish and other 30%
  • Languages: English (official, government business conducted in English), siSwati (official)
  • Type of Government: Monarchy; independent member of Commonwealth
  • Capital: Mbabane
  • Independence Day: 6 September 1968 (from UK)
  • Chief of State/Head of Government Chief of State: King MSWATI III (since 25 April 1986)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Sibusiso Barnabas DLAMINI
  • Currency: lilangeni (SZL)
  • Time: GMT +2

Kingdom of Swaziland

Swaziland is the smallest country in the entire southern hemisphere, but also one of the most interesting where you can be guaranteed some fun and adventure. Swaziland is a microcosm of Africa with strong traditions, vibrant cultural festivals and friendly laidback people. Despite it’s stable history and peaceful reputation, Swaziland has one of the world’s highest HIV infection rates and an unemployment rate of about 50%. It is a country of scenic beauty and huge possibility being strategically located between South Africa and Mozambique and having relatively well developed infrastructure. Swaziland has an expansive system of reserves and national parks for a country so small, and you can be treated to excellent close encounters with black and white rhino and elephant in some of these areas. Aside from the wildlife, travelers can go horse riding, trekking, mountain biking and whitewater rafting amongst magnificent mountain scenery, stay in rural communities and become completely immersed in Swazi culture.