Swaziland Factfile

  • Location: Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa
  • Area: 17,363 sq km
  • Border: Countries Mozambique, South Africa
  • Climate: Varies from tropical to near temperate
  • Terrain: Mountainous in the west transitioning to low-lying savannah plains in the east.
  • Highest Point: Emlembe 1,862 m
  • Natural Hazards: Drought
  • Environmental Issues: Limited supplies of potable water; wildlife populations being depleted because of excessive hunting; overgrazing; soil degradation; soil erosion
  • Population: 1,123,605 (July 2002)
  • Ethnic Groups: African 97%, European 2%, Asian 1%
  • Religions: Zionist (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship) 40%, Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, Anglican, Bahai, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish and other 30%
  • Languages: English (official, government business conducted in English), siSwati (official)
  • Type of Government: Monarchy; independent member of Commonwealth
  • Capital: Mbabane
  • Independence Day: 6 September 1968 (from UK)
  • Chief of State/Head of Government Chief of State: King MSWATI III (since 25 April 1986)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Sibusiso Barnabas DLAMINI
  • Currency: lilangeni (SZL)
  • Time: GMT +2